Possible leaderAbel Valenzuela, Jr. (University of California, Los Angeles)

Type of poverty: Suburban

The "suburban type" of poverty, represented here by Los Angeles, hasn't of course been realized anywhere in entirely pristine form, although Los Angeles arguably remains the best example to this day. The Los Angeles variant is nonetheless distinctive because of high housing costs and the large number of immigrants (with 35.3 percent of residents foreign born). As the California Poverty Measure shows (Wimer et al. 2013), the combination of immigration and high housing costs yields a distinctively high poverty rate in Los Angeles County, indeed the highest in the state (26.9 percent).

 Los Angeles, California