NEW YORK CITY
Possible leader: Patrick Sharkey (New York University)
Type of poverty: High inequality
New York has become the country's most prominent experiment juxtaposing extreme poverty and affluence, thus leading to an unusually high Gini index of income inequality (.538 in 2012). This juxtaposition takes, of course, a spatial form: As Reardon and Bischoff (2011) show, 51.3% of the population in the New York area lives in either a poor or affluent neighborhood, the highest percentage in the country (see also Berube 2014).